Coherence

A paragraph is coherent when it runs smoothly. In order to achieve this you need to arrange the sentences logically and use transition signals to link the sentences. In addition, you need to repeat the topic noun:


Example of paragraph without coherence because the topic noun is not repeated appropriately:

Drinking water is healthy. It cleanses the body and helps to transport waste products. It keeps the skin hydrated from within. Although not many people realize this, but a lack of it causes fatigue, resulting in reduced concentration. Research done by American researchers showed that drinking it eliminates feelings of hunger. Therefore, drinking water is one of the most vital things one can do for one's health.
Example of paragraph without coherence because no transition signals have been used.
Drinking water is healthy. Water cleanses the body and helps to transport waste products. It keeps the skin hydrated from within. Not many people realize this, but a lack of water causes fatigue, resulting in reduced concentration. Research done by American researchers showed that drinking water eliminates feelings of hunger. 

Example of paragraph with coherence

Drinking water is healthy. First of all, water cleanses the body and helps to transport waste products. In addition, it keeps the skin hydrated from within. Thirdly, although many people do not realize this, a lack of water causes fatigue, resulting in reduced concentration. Finally, research done by American researchers showed that drinking water eliminates feelings of hunger. Therefore, drinking water is one of the most vital things one can do for one's health.

Transition Signals

Type of connection

Connecting clauses within sentences:

Connection between sentences:

comparing and contrasting

but, whereas, while, although, (even) though

however, nevertheless, on the other hand, on the contrary, though, alternatively, instead, after all, in any case, in contrast , by contrast, otherwise, even so, yet

causes, reasons, purposes and result

for, or (else), because, since, as, in order to, so that

therefore, consequently, hence, as a consequence thus, as a result

adding ideas

and (Not only …., but also), also, as well as, as well, too

in addition, furthermore, likewise, similarly, moreover what's more

time: two events at the same time

while, as, when, whenever

meanwhile, at the same time

time: one event before another

after, before, as soon as

soon, then , afterwards , after that , before that,subsequently

 

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